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Pottery used for carrying and storing (except Amphora).
Many shapes were called Pelike. It might be used for storing olive berry and olive oil. Sometimes it is counted in Amphoras. It was made after the introduction of the red-figure technique. Most were 20-50 cm in height.
"Hydria" was derived from hudor (water), and used as water pitcher. There were three handles, two handles on both side for carrying, and a handle on the back for pouring. Most were 20-50 cm in height. Hydria was very old, and the similar shape was made from 8th century B.C.
This kind of shapes might be called Hydria, and it was used for various purposes. It was, for instance, a balloting urn in the law-courts, a pot of money, and a cinerary urn.
Stamnos was made from the late 6th century B.C. to the late 5th. Most of Stamnoses were discoveried in Etruria. This shape imitated Etrurian bronze vases in origin.
Archaeologist named this shape of vases as Stamnos. However, the Stamnos was a name used for many types of vases such as Amphora or Pelike in ancient times. Stamnos sometimes had a lid, and it stored wine or other liquid and solid. In Athens Stamnos stored unmixed wine during Dionysian festivals.
The name "Loutrophoros" was derived from "balneum bath (loutron)" and "carry (phero)". It was used for carrying water in order to bath at marriage and funeral rites. Most were 50 - 80 cm in height or much higher. It had two handles on the side, or third handle on the back like Hydria.
Lebes - Dinos
Labes was a rounded body, and was used as a tub that guests washed his hands (or feet) at the feasts. It also might be used as bowl for cooking, and have a tripod. Vases named "Dinos" in Greek might be identified as "Labes". Lebetes were also made of metal, and it was used as prizes.
Lebes Gamikos, which means "bridal (gamikos) Lebes", had round body with M-shape handles on both side, conical stand, and a lid. It might contain water for sacred ablution at the marriage rites.
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